Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Amaranthus paniculatus

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Amaranthus paniculatus

 

This species has also been known as:

Amaranthus paniculatus var. cruentus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. longispicatus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. monstrosus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. sanguineus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. sanguineus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. speciosus, Amaranthus paniculatus var. strictus

 

Common names:

Love-Lies-Bleeding, Love-Lies-A'bleeding, Pendant Amaranth, Tassel Flower, Velvet Flower, Foxtail Amaranth, Quilete

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Amaranthus paniculatus: 171]

 

Amaranthus paniculatus.jpg

 

Popularity of Amaranthus paniculatus over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Amaranthus paniculatus (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Amaranthus paniculatus as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 641]

 

Amaranthus cruentus (18), Amaranthus (7), Radioprotection (7), Amaranthus paniculatus (6), antioxidant activity (6), Antioxidants (6), Setaria italica (5), squalene (5), Comet assay (4), fatty acids (4), Freezing (4), Microstructure (4), Retrogradation (4), Rice starch (4), Syneresis (4), Texture (4), total phenolic content (4), Acorus calamus (3), Amaranthus seeds (3), calmodulin (3), carbon dioxide (3), DNA strand breaks (3), Functional properties (3), Gamma irradiation (3), in vitro (3), kinetin (3), Oxidative stress (3), phylogeny (3), Phytochrome (3), plant biochemistry (3), plant physiology (3), radiation injury (3), Shoots (3), Spherical aggregates (3), Starch (3), Supercritical carbon dioxide (3), Temperature (3), tissue culture (3), [gamma]-Radiation (2), Achyranthes aspera (2), Achyranthes bidentata (2), adenylate cyclase (2), amaranth grain (2), Amaranth starch (2), Amaranthaceae (2), Amaranthus edulis (2), Antidiabetic activity (2), Apoptosis (2), Aspergillus terreus (2), astragaloside IV (2), BAP (2), Blue light (2), Bonding agents (2), C4 photosynthesis (2), Calcium (2), carbon (2), Cassava starch (2), Catechol (2), Cell damage (2), Cell proliferation (2), Characterization (2), chemical composition (2), cholesterol (2), ciwujianoside-B (2), Clonal propagation (2), cyclic AMP (2), diet (2), DNA injury (2), Encapsulation (2), ethephon (2), Eugenol-rich clove extract (2), Extraction optimisation (2), Fatty acid composition (2), Flavonoids from Astragalus complanatus (2), germination (2), gibberellic acid (2), Glyoxalase (2), growth regulators (2), GSH (2), hematopoietic cell (2), Hematopoietic function (2), high performance liquid chromatography (2), hypocotyls (2), IAA (2), Immune function (2), Indigenous food ingredient (2), Internet resource (2), Iron(III) (2), Kidney (2), Konjac glucomannan (2), leaves (2), Liver (2), LPO (2), Medicinal plants (2), Methanolic extract (2), MS medium (2), NAA (2), Nodal culture (2), Nodal explant (2), Nodal segment (2), Octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) (2).....

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

starch (85.28), cereal (1.85), timber (1.60), poison (1.38), oilseed/fat (0.98), weed (0.91), fruit (0.74), nutraceutical (0.73), vegetable (0.68), ornamental (0.64).....

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Ghasemnezhad Targhi R, Homayoun M, Mansouri S, Soukhtanloo M, Soleymanifard S and Seghatoleslam M (2017) Radio protective effect of black mulberry extract on radiation-induced damage in bone marrow cells and liver in the rat. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 130, 297-302. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969806X16302948

Awolu OO and Olofinlae SJ (2016) Physico-chemical, functional and pasting properties of native and chemically modified water yam (Dioscorea alata) starch and production of water yam starch-based yoghurt. Starch - Stärke 68, 719-726. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/star.201500302

Dutta S and Bhattacharjee P (2016) Modeling of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of piperine from Malabar black pepper. Materials Today: Proceedings 3, 3238-3252. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785316303376

Ghosh S, Dutta S, Kumar Ghosh P, Bhattacharjee P and Das S (2016) Design of a polyherbal mix by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and its encapsulation by spray drying: Phytochemical properties and shelf-life study of the encapsulate. Journal of Food Process Engineering, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.12505

Katoh M, Hashimoto K and Sato T (2016) Lead and Antimony Removal from Contaminated Soil by Phytoremediation Combined with an Immobilization Material. CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water 44, 1717-1724. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clen.201500162

Khanam A and Platel K (2016) Bioaccessibility of selenium, selenomethionine and selenocysteine from foods and influence of heat processing on the same. Food Chemistry 194, 1293-1299. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814615013485

Kumar Ghosh P, Bhattacharjee P and Poddar-Sarkar M (2016) Reduction of lauric acid in coconut copra by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction: Process optimization and design of functional cookies using the lauric acid-lean copra meal. Journal of Food Process Engineering, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.12501

Mahar A, Wang P, Ali A, Awasthi MK, Lahori AH, Wang Q, Li R and Zhang Z (2016) Challenges and opportunities in the phytoremediation of heavy metals contaminated soils: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 126, 111-121. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651315302116

Sasikumar B, Swetha VP, Parvathy VA and Sheeja TE (2016) 22 - Advances in Adulteration and Authenticity Testing of Herbs and Spices A2 - Downey, Gerard. In ‘Advances in Food Authenticity Testing’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 585-624. (Woodhead Publishing). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081002209000229

Villarreal ME and Iturriaga LB (2016) Viscoelastic properties of amaranth starch gels and pastes. Creep compliance modeling with Maxwell model. Starch - Stärke 68, 1073-1083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/star.201600065

Wang Y, Zhang L, Yang H, Yan G, Xu Z, Chen C and Zhang D (2016) Biochar nutrient availability rather than its water holding capacity governs the growth of both C3 and C4 plants. Journal of soils and sediments. 16, 801-810. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-016-1357-x

Zeng Z, Xiong F, Yu X, Gong X, Luo J, Jiang Y, Kuang H, Gao B, Niu X and Liu Y (2016) Overexpression of a glyoxalase gene, OsGly I, improves abiotic stress tolerance and grain yield in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 109, 62-71. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0981942816303618

(2015) Contents Page/Graphical Abstract. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 104, iii-xii. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844615002077

Endress PK (2015) Patterns of angiospermy development before carpel sealing across living angiosperms: diversity, and morphological and systematic aspects. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 178, 556-591. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12294

Kraujalis P, Venskutonis PR, Ibáñez E and Herrero M (2015) Optimization of rutin isolation from Amaranthus paniculatus leaves by high pressure extraction and fractionation techniques. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 104, 234-242. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844615300498

Nimesh H, Tiwari V, Yang C, Gundala SR, Chuttani K, Hazari PP, Mishra AK, Sharma A, Lal J, Katyal A, Aneja R and Tandon V (2015) Preclinical Evaluation of DMA, a Bisbenzimidazole, as Radioprotector: Toxicity, Pharmacokinetics, and Biodistribution Studies in Balb/c Mice. Mol. Pharmacol. 88, 768-778. http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/88/4/768

Pietrini F, Iori V, Cheremisina A, Shevyakova NI, Radyukina N, Kuznetsov VV and Zacchini M (2015) Evaluation of nickel tolerance in Amaranthus paniculatus L. plants by measuring photosynthesis, oxidative status, antioxidative response and metal-binding molecule content. Environmental science and pollution research international. 22, 482-494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3349-y

Barina Z, Rakaj M, Somogyi G, Erős-Honti Z and Pifkó D (2014) The alien flora of Albania: history, current status and future trends. Weed Research 54, 196-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12061

El-Chaghaby GA, Ahmad AF and Ramis ES (2014) Evaluation of the antioxidant and antibacterial properties of various solvents extracts of Annona squamosa L. leaves. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 7, 227-233. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878535211001717

Gairola S, Sharma J and Bedi YS (2014) A cross-cultural analysis of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (India) medicinal plant use. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155, 925-986. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114004772

Klecker M, Gasch P, Peisker H, Dormann P, Schlicke H, Grimm B and Mustroph A (2014) A Shoot-Specific Hypoxic Response of Arabidopsis Sheds Light on the Role of the Phosphate-Responsive Transcription Factor PHOSPHATE STARVATION RESPONSE1. Plant Physiology 165, 774-790. http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/165/2/774

Mansour S, Djebli N, Ozkan EE and Mat A (2014) In vivo antiinflammatory activity and chemical composition of Hypericum scabroides. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 7, Supplement 1, S514-S520. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764514602832

Ran Y, Wang R, Gao Q, Jia Q, Hasan M, Awan MUF, Tang B, Zhou R, Dong Y, Wang X, Li Q, Ma H, Deng Y and Qing H (2014) Dragon’s blood and its extracts attenuate radiation-induced oxidative stress in mice. J Radiat Res 55, 699-706. http://jrr.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/55/4/699

Rao S, Jayachander D, Thilakchand KR, Simon P, Rajeev AG, Arora R and Baliga MS (2014) Chapter 103 - Radioprotective Effects of the Ocimum Flavonoids Orientin and Vicenin: Observations from Preclinical Studies. In ‘Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 1367-1371. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123984562001031

Xue L, Liu J, Shi S, Wei Y, Chang E, Gao M, Chen L and Jiang Z (2014) Uptake of Heavy Metals by Native Herbaceous Plants in an Antimony Mine (Hunan, China). CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water 42, 81-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clen.201200490

Chatterjee D and Bhattacharjee P (2013) Comparative evaluation of the antioxidant efficacy of encapsulated and un-encapsulated eugenol-rich clove extracts in soybean oil: Shelf-life and frying stability of soybean oil. Journal of Food Engineering 117, 545-550. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260877412005687

Ghosh S, Chatterjee D, Das S and Bhattacharjee P (2013) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of eugenol-rich fraction from Ocimum sanctum Linn and a comparative evaluation with other extraction techniques: Process optimization and phytochemical characterization. Industrial Crops and Products 47, 78-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669013001106

Iori V, Pietrini F, Cheremisina A, Shevyakova NI, Radyukina N, Kuznetsov VV and Zacchini M (2013) Growth Responses, Metal Accumulation and Phytoremoval Capability in Amaranthus Plants Exposed to Nickel Under Hydroponics. Water, air and soil pollution. 224, 1450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1450-3

Khaing AA, Moe KT, Chung J-W, Baek H-J and Park Y-J (2013) Genetic diversity and population structure of the selected core set in Amaranthus using SSR markers. Plant Breeding 132, 165-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12027

Kraujalis P and Venskutonis PR (2013) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of squalene and tocopherols from amaranth and assessment of extracts antioxidant activity. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 80, 78-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844613001472

Kraujalis P and Venskutonis PR (2013) Optimisation of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of amaranth seeds by response surface methodology and characterization of extracts isolated from different plant cultivars. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 73, 80-86. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844612003439

Roy LG and Urooj A (2013) ANTIOXIDANT POTENCY, pH AND HEAT STABILITY OF SELECTED PLANT EXTRACTS. Journal of Food Biochemistry 37, 336-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00638.x

Sweedman MC, Tizzotti MJ, Schäfer C and Gilbert RG (2013) Structure and physicochemical properties of octenyl succinic anhydride modified starches: A review. Carbohydrate Polymers 92, 905-920. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0144861712009575

Venskutonis PR and Kraujalis P (2013) Nutritional Components of Amaranth Seeds and Vegetables: A Review on Composition, Properties, and Uses. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 12, 381-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12021

Wejnerowska G, Heinrich P and Gaca J (2013) Separation of squalene and oil from Amaranthus seeds by supercritical carbon dioxide. Separation and Purification Technology 110, 39-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383586613001196

Xue L, Liu J, Shi S, Wei Y, Chang E, Gao M, Chen L and Jiang Z (2013) Uptake of Heavy Metals by Native Herbaceous Plants in an Antimony Mine (Hunan, China). CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clen.201200490

Bhattacharjee P, Chatterjee D and Singhal RS (2012) Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Squalene from Amaranthus paniculatus: Experiments and Process Characterization. Food and bioprocess technology. 5, 2506-2521. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11947-011-0612-9

Charoenrein S and Preechathammawong N (2012) Effect of waxy rice flour and cassava starch on freeze–thaw stability of rice starch gels. Carbohydrate Polymers 90, 1032-1037. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014486171200598X

Gnanaraj WE, Marimuthu@Antonisamy J, Mohanamathi RB and Subramanian KM (2012) In vitro clonal propagation of Achyranthes aspera L. and Achyranthes bidentata Blume using nodal explants. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 1-5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601792

Kunyanga CN, Imungi JK, Okoth MW, Biesalski HK and Vadivel V (2012) Total phenolic content, antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of methanolic extract of raw and traditionally processed Kenyan indigenous food ingredients. LWT - Food Science and Technology 45, 269-276. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643811002659

Ramaraj B, Shit SC and Nayak SK (2012) Effect of ethylene vinyl acetate on physico-mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene and starch biocomposites. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics 44, 515-531. http://jep.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/44/6/515

Sandeep D and Nair CKK (2012) Protection from lethal and sub-lethal whole body exposures of mice to γ-radiation by Acorus calamus L.: Studies on tissue antioxidant status and cellular DNA damage. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 64, 57-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0940299310001053

Shyla B, Bhaskar CV and Nagendrappa G (2012) Iron(III) oxidized nucleophilic coupling of catechol with o-tolidine/p-toluidine followed by 1,10-phenanthroline as new and sensitivity improved spectrophotometric methods for iron present in chemicals, pharmaceutical, edible green leaves, nuts and lake water samples. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 86, 152-158. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1386142511009218

Sreelatha S, Dinesh E and Uma C (2012) Antioxidant properties of Rajgira (Amaranthus paniculatus) leaves and potential synergy in chemoprevention. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 13, 2775-80.

Xu W, Shen X, Yang F, Han Y, LI R, Xue D and Jiang C (2012) Protective Effect of Polysaccharides Isolated from Tremella fuciformis against Radiation-induced Damage in Mice. J Radiat Res 53, 353-360. http://jrr.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/53/3/353

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Amaranthus paniculatus: 171; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

 

Chatterjee D, Bhattacharjee P (2013) Comparative evaluation of the antioxidant efficacy of encapsulated and un-encapsulated eugenol-rich clove extracts in soybean oil: Shelf-life and frying stability of soybean oil. Journal of Food Engineering 117, 545-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260877412005687

Ghosh S, Chatterjee D, Das S, Bhattacharjee P (2013) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of eugenol-rich fraction from Ocimum sanctum Linn and a comparative evaluation with other extraction techniques: Process optimization and phytochemical characterization. Industrial Crops and Products 47, 78-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669013001106

Iori V, Pietrini F, Cheremisina A, Shevyakova NI, Radyukina N, Kuznetsov VV, Zacchini M (2013) Growth Responses, Metal Accumulation and Phytoremoval Capability in Amaranthus Plants Exposed to Nickel Under Hydroponics. Water, air and soil pollution. 224, 1450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1450-3

Khaing AA, Moe KT, Chung J-W, Baek H-J, Park Y-J (2013) Genetic diversity and population structure of the selected core set in Amaranthus using SSR markers. Plant Breeding 132, 165-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12027

Kraujalis P, Venskutonis PR (2013) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of squalene and tocopherols from amaranth and assessment of extracts antioxidant activity. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 80, 78-85. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844613001472

Kraujalis P, Venskutonis PR (2013) Optimisation of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of amaranth seeds by response surface methodology and characterization of extracts isolated from different plant cultivars. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 73, 80-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844612003439

Roy LG, Urooj A (2013) ANTIOXIDANT POTENCY, pH AND HEAT STABILITY OF SELECTED PLANT EXTRACTS. Journal of Food Biochemistry 37, 336-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2011.00638.x

Sweedman MC, Tizzotti MJ, Schäfer C, Gilbert RG (2013) Structure and physicochemical properties of octenyl succinic anhydride modified starches: A review. Carbohydrate Polymers 92, 905-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0144861712009575

Venskutonis PR, Kraujalis P (2013) Nutritional Components of Amaranth Seeds and Vegetables: A Review on Composition, Properties, and Uses. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 12, 381-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12021

Wejnerowska G, Heinrich P, Gaca J (2013) Separation of squalene and oil from Amaranthus seeds by supercritical carbon dioxide. Separation and Purification Technology 110, 39-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383586613001196

Xue L, Liu J, Shi S, Wei Y, Chang E, Gao M, Chen L, Jiang Z (2013) Uptake of Heavy Metals by Native Herbaceous Plants in an Antimony Mine (Hunan, China). CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clen.201200490

Bhattacharjee P, Chatterjee D, Singhal RS (2012) Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Squalene from Amaranthus paniculatus: Experiments and Process Characterization. Food and bioprocess technology. 5, 2506-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11947-011-0612-9

Charoenrein S, Preechathammawong N (2012) Effect of waxy rice flour and cassava starch on freeze–thaw stability of rice starch gels. Carbohydrate Polymers 90, 1032-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014486171200598X

Gnanaraj WE, Marimuthu@Antonisamy J, Mohanamathi RB, Subramanian KM (2012) In vitro clonal propagation of Achyranthes aspera L. and Achyranthes bidentata Blume using nodal explants. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2, 1-5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169111601792

Kunyanga CN, Imungi JK, Okoth MW, Biesalski HK, Vadivel V (2012) Total phenolic content, antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of methanolic extract of raw and traditionally processed Kenyan indigenous food ingredients. LWT - Food Science and Technology 45, 269-76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643811002659

Ramaraj B, Shit SC, Nayak SK (2012) Effect of ethylene vinyl acetate on physico-mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene and starch biocomposites. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics 44, 515-31. http://jep.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/44/6/515

Sandeep D, Nair CKK (2012) Protection from lethal and sub-lethal whole body exposures of mice to γ-radiation by Acorus calamus L.: Studies on tissue antioxidant status and cellular DNA damage. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 64, 57-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0940299310001053

Shyla B, Bhaskar CV, Nagendrappa G (2012) Iron(III) oxidized nucleophilic coupling of catechol with o-tolidine/p-toluidine followed by 1,10-phenanthroline as new and sensitivity improved spectrophotometric methods for iron present in chemicals, pharmaceutical, edible green leaves, nuts and lake water samples. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 86, 152-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1386142511009218

Sreelatha S, Dinesh E, Uma C (2012) Antioxidant properties of Rajgira (Amaranthus paniculatus) leaves and potential synergy in chemoprevention. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 13, 2775-80.

Adaramoye OA, Okiti OO, Farombi EO (2011) Dried fruit extract from Xylopia aethiopica (Annonaceae) protects Wistar albino rats from adverse effects of whole body radiation. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 63, 635-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0940299310000837

Avasthi UK, Izui K, Raghavendra AS (2011) Interplay of light and temperature during the in planta modulation of C4 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase from the leaves of Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.: diurnal and seasonal effects manifested at molecular levels. J. Exp. Bot. 62, 1017-26. http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/62/3/1017

Charoenrein S, Tatirat O, Rengsutthi K, Thongngam M (2011) Effect of konjac glucomannan on syneresis, textural properties and the microstructure of frozen rice starch gels. Carbohydrate Polymers 83, 291-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0144861710006041

Escudero NL, AlbarracÍN GJ, Lucero LÓPez RV, GimÉNez MS (2011) ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHENOLIC CONTENT OF FLOUR AND PROTEIN CONCENTRATE OF AMARANTHUS CRUENTUS SEEDS. Journal of Food Biochemistry 35, 1327-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2010.00454.x

Li Y-R, Cao W, Guo J, Miao S, Ding G-R, Li K-C, Wang J, Guo G-Z (2011) Comparative investigations on the protective effects of rhodioside, ciwujianoside-B and astragaloside IV on radiation injuries of the hematopoietic system in mice. Phytotherapy Research 25, 644-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3313

Qi L, Liu C-Y, Wu W-Q, Gu Z-L, Guo C-Y (2011) Protective effect of flavonoids from Astragalus complanatus on radiation induced damages in mice. Fitoterapia 82, 383-92. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X10002959

Ramachandran L, Nair CKK (2011) Protection against genotoxic damages following whole body gamma radiation exposure in mice by lipoic acid. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 724, 52-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383571811001689

Arora DS, Chandra P (2010) Optimization of antioxidant potential of Aspergillus terreus through different statistical approaches. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 57, 77-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BA20100202

Kang KA, Zhang R, et al. (2010) Phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene) protects against ionizing radiation-induced cell damage through inhibition of oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Chemico-Biological Interactions 185, 215-26. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009279710000992

Sagar SM (2010) Can the Therapeutic Gain of Radiotherapy Be Increased by Concurrent Administration of Asian Botanicals? Integr Cancer Ther 9, 5-13. http://ict.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/9/1/5

Willey NJ, Tang S, McEwen A, Hicks S (2010) The effects of plant traits and phylogeny on soil-to-plant transfer of 99Tc. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101, 757-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0265931X10001098

Castaneda IS, Mulitza S, Schefuss E, Lopes dos Santos RA, Sinninghe Damste JS, Schouten S (2009) Wet phases in the Sahara/Sahel region and human migration patterns in North Africa. PNAS 106, 20159-63. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/106/48/20159

Kong X, Bao J, Corke H (2009) Physical properties of Amaranthus starch. Food Chemistry 113, 371-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608007395

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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