Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Atriplex argentea



This species is usually known as:

Atriplex argentea, Atriplex argentea var. caput-medusae, Atriplex argentea var. expansa, Atriplex argentea var. hillmanii, Atriplex argentea var. longitrichoma, Atriplex argentea var. rydbergii


This species has also been known as:

Atriplex argentea var. cornuta, Atriplex argentea subsp. expansa, Atriplex argentea var. mohavensis


Common names:

Silverscale Saltbush, Silver Orache



Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Atriplex argentea: 19]


Atriplex argentea.jpg


Popularity of Atriplex argentea over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Atriplex argentea (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Atriplex argentea as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]



[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 189]


Atriplex argentea (14), Internet resource (8), grazing (3), lambs (3), Merino (3), sodium chloride (3), agricultural landscape (2), biodiversity (2), body weight (2), carcass weight (2), feed intake (2), herbaceous plants (2), meat quality (2), mineral content (2), pasture plants (2), pastures (2), sheep feeding (2), woody perennial (2), ad libitum feeding (1), adaptation (1), adverse effects (1), alfalfa (1), alleles (1), Altai (1), Amaranthaceae (1), appetite (1), Arcto-Tertiary Flora (1), Asa Gray (1), Atriplex (1), Atriplex canescens (1), Atriplex halimus (1), Atriplex hortensis (1), Australia (1), backfat (1), bacteria (1), barley (1), Bassia (1), Bassia scoparia (1), betaine (1), blood chemistry (1), blood glucose (1), botany (1), bryophytes (1), canopy (1), carbon dioxide (1), carcass yield (1), climate change (1), cortisol (1), dams (mothers) (1), dehydration (animal physiology) (1), deserts (1), dietary minerals (1), dietary supplements (1), Digitaria eriantha (1), disjunct species (1), Dorset (sheep breed) (1), dressing percentage (1), dry environmental conditions (1), fallow (1), fat thickness (1), feed conversion (1), feed grains (1), finishing (1), fungi (1), genetic variation (1), grasses (1), ground cover plants (1), halophytes (1), health status (1), hoggets (1), Holocene palaeoclimate (1), homeostasis (1), hormone secretion (1), hypertension (1), insulin (1), internal transcribed spacers (1), islands (1), lamb carcasses (1), lamb feeding (1), lamb meat (1), lean meat (1), leptin (1), lichens (1), liveweight gain (1), loci (1), Lolium perenne (1), maternal nutrition (1), meat composition (1), Medicago sativa (1), megadose (1), microbial biomass (1), microbial communities (1), microsatellite repeats (1), milk synthesis (1), mineralization (1), new combination (1), new species (1), Nunatak theory (1), nutrient intake (1), nutritive value (1), Ohio (1), organic matter (1), Oroboreal (1), osmolarity (1), palaeoecology (1), palaeovegetation (1), perennials (1), perinatal period (1), Phalaris aquatica (1), phanerogams (1), phytogeography (1), plant adaptation (1), plant density (1), plant morphology (1), Plant Science and Plant Products (1), plant taxonomy (1), plants (1), population structure (1), potassium (1), pregnancy (1), rare plants (1), renal function (1), renin (1), rhizosphere (1), risk assessment (1), Rocky Mountains (1), roots (1), salinity (1), sheep (1), shrubs (1), slaughter (1), slaughter weight (1), soil (1), soil depth (1), soil microorganisms (1), soil sampling (1), soil water content (1), Sorghum halepense (1), specific gravity (1), spring (1), stems (1), taxonomic keys (1), Texas (1), uranium (1), urine (1), W. J. Hooker (1), Western Australia (1), wethers (1), wool (1)


[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]



Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]


fodder (91.67), medicinal (3.74), ornamental (1.52), poison (0.42), fruit (0.32), weed (0.30), starch (0.17), cereal (0.12), nutraceutical (0.12), oilseed/fat (0.11).....


[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]



Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]


Al Daini H, Norman HC, Young P and Barrett-Lennard EG (2013) The source of nitrogen (NH4+ or NO3–) affects the concentration of oxalate in the shoots and the growth of Atriplex nummularia (oldman saltbush). Functional plant biology. 40, 10.

Barrett-Lennard EG, Bennett SJ and Altman M (2013) Survival and growth of perennial halophytes on saltland in a Mediterranean environment is affected by depth to watertable in summer as well as subsoil salinity. Crop & pasture science. 64, 2.

Belkheiri O and Mulas M (2013) Effect of water stress on growth, water use efficiency and gas exchange as related to osmotic adjustment of two halophytes Atriplex spp. Functional plant biology. 40, 5.

Fancote CR, Vercoe PE, Pearce KL, Williams IH and Norman HC (2013) Backgrounding lambs on saltbush provides an effective source of Vitamin E that can prevent Vitamin E deficiency and reduce the incidence of subclinical nutritional myopathy during summer and autumn. Animal production science. 53, 3.

Clarke LJ, Jardine DI, Byrne M, Shepherd K and Lowe AJ (2012) Significant population genetic structure detected for a new and highly restricted species of Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae) from Western Australia, and implications for conservation management. Australian journal of botany. 60, 1.

Farrell C, Hobbs RJ and Colmer TD (2012) Microsite and litter cover effects on seed banks vary with seed size and dispersal mechanisms: implications for revegetation of degraded saline land. Plant ecology. 213, 1145-1155.

Lancaster ML, Gardner MG, Fitch AJ, Ansari TH and Smyth AK (2012) A direct benefit of native saltbush revegetation for an endemic lizard (Tiliqua rugosa) in southern Australia. Australian journal of zoology. 60, 3.



References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Atriplex argentea: 19; Any undated papers have been included at the end]



Clarke LJ, Jardine DI, Byrne M, Shepherd K, Lowe AJ (2012) Significant population genetic structure detected for a new and highly restricted species of Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae) from Western Australia, and implications for conservation management. Australian journal of botany. 60, 1.

Collard SJ, Fisher AM (2010) Shrub-based plantings of woody perennial vegetation in temperate Australian agricultural landscapes: What benefits for native biodiversity. Ecological management & restoration. 11, 31-5.

Lodge GM, Brennan MA, Harden S, Boschma SP (2010) Changes in soil water content under annual, perennial, and shrub-based pastures in an intermittently dry, summer-rainfall environment. Crop & pasture science. 61, 4.

Barness G, Rodriguez Zaragoza S, Shmueli I, Steinberger Y (2009) Vertical Distribution of a Soil Microbial Community as Affected by Plant Ecophysiological Adaptation in a Desert System. Microbial ecology. 57, 36-49.

Chadwick MA, Williams IH, Vercoe PE, Revell DK (2009) Feeding pregnant ewes a high-salt diet or saltbush suppresses their offspring’s postnatal renin activity. Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience. 3, 972-9.

Ababneh L (2008) Bristlecone pine paleoclimatic model for archeological patterns in the White Mountain of California. Quaternary International 188, 59-78.

Pearce KL, Masters DG, Jacob RH, Hopkins DL, Pethick DW (2008) Effects of sodium chloride and betaine on hydration status of lambs at slaughter. Australian journal of experimental agriculture. 48, 9.

Pearce KL, Norman HC, Wilmot M, Rintoul A, Pethick DW, Masters DG (2008) The effect of grazing saltbush with a barley supplement on the carcass and eating quality of sheepmeat. Meat science. 79, 344-54.

Blache D, Grandison MJ, Masters DG, Dynes RA, Blackberry MA, Martin GB (2007) Relationships between metabolic endocrine systems and voluntary feed intake in Merino sheep fed a high salt diet. Australian journal of experimental agriculture. 47, 5.

Ehleringer J, Pearcy RW (2006) Notes & Abstracts

Variation in Quantum Yield for CO2 Uptake among C3 and C4 Plants. Ecological Rest. 24, 109-38.

Strong WL, Hills LV (2003) Post-Hypsithermal plant disjunctions in western Alberta, Canada. Journal of Biogeography 30, 419-30.

Weber WA (2003) The Middle Asian Element in the Southern Rocky Mountain Flora of the western United States: a critical biogeographical review. Journal of Biogeography 30, 649-85.

Welsh SL (2003) A new combination in Atriplex argentea (Chenopodiaceae). Madrono. 50, 310.

Arbak ZE, Blackwell WH (1982) The Chenopodiaceae of Ohio. Castanea : the journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Club. 47, 284-97.

Camazine S, Bye RA (1980) A study of the medical ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians of New Mexico. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2, 365-88.

Wilson AD, Graetz RD (1980) Cattle and sheep production on an Atriplex vesicaria (saltbush) community. Australian journal of agricultural research. 31, 369-78.

Ehleringer J, Bjorkman O (1977) Quantum Yields for CO2 Uptake in C3 and C4 Plants: Dependence on Temperature, CO2, and O2 Concentration. Plant Physiology 59, 86-90.

Bjorkman O, Ehleringer J (1975) Comparison of the quantum yields for CO2 uptake in C3 and C4 plants. Annual report, 760-1.

Frankton C, Bassett IJ (1970) The genus Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae) in Canada. II. four native western annuals: Atriplex argentea, Atriplex truncata, Atriplex powellii, and Atriplex dioica. Canadian journal of botany = 48, 5.

Fewkes JW (1896) A CONTRIBUTION TO ETHNOBOTANY. American Anthropologist A9, 14-21.

Collard SJ, Fisher AM Shrub-based plantings of woody perennial vegetation in temperate Australian agricultural landscapes: What benefits for native biodiversity. Ecological management & restoration. 11, 31-5.

Newton RJ, Goodin JR, Magar DL, Puryear JD Biomass from unconventional sources in semi-arid west Texas. Energy from biomass and wastes VI : symposium, January 25-29, 1982, Lake Buena Vista, Florida / symposium chairman D.L. Klass ; sponsored by the Institute of Gas Technology., 167-219.



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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

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Latest update March 2017 by: ANCW