Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Ficus sycomorus

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Ficus sycomorus

 

This species has also been known as:

Ficus sycomorus var. alnea, Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa, Ficus sycomorus var. polybotrya, Ficus sycomorus var. prodigiosa

 

Common names:

Sycamore Fig, Fig-Mulberry, Sycamore, Sycomore

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Ficus sycomorus: 345]

 

 

Popularity of Ficus sycomorus over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Ficus sycomorus (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Ficus sycomorus as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 1630]

 

Ficus (31), Medicinal plants (23), mutualism (19), Agaonidae (13), Ficus sycomorus (13), pollination (13), Ethnobotany (11), fig wasp (11), Dispersal (10), Kenya (10), Traditional medicine (10), figs (9), fig wasps (7), Hymenoptera (7), Moraceae (7), Africa (6), climate change (6), dioecy (6), Floodplain wetland (6), Microsatellites (6), Plants (6), Agroforestry (5), Burkina Faso (5), Ceratosolen (5), Diet <ARROW (5), Fig (5), Malaria (5), Phylogeny (5), Riparian (5), agaonid wasps (4), Diversity (4), Egypt (4), Ethnobotanical study (4), Ficus religiosa (4), gene flow (4), phenology (4), Plant extracts (4), Sabie River (4), seed dispersal (4), South Africa (4), Tanzania (4), active pollination (3), Antibacterial activity (3), anticonvulsant (3), Antioxidant (3), chemical mediation (3), Coevolution (3), co-evolution (3), community ecology (3), conservation (3), copper (3), disturbance (3), Ethnobotanical knowledge (3), Ethnopharmacology (3), evolution (3), frugivory (3), habitat (3), Israel (3), landscape (3), magnesium (3), Nile (3), oviposition (3), Pegoscapus (3), sex ratio (3), Solute retention (3), species diversity (3), specificity (3), tree management (3), Uganda (3), volatiles (3), Zimbabwe (3), zinc (3), Acacia (2), Acacia nilotica (2), Acacia tortilis (2), ACC synthase (2), Active components (2), African traditional medicine (2), Agaonid (2), Ageing (2), Akamba (2), Alginate (2), Anthelmintic (2), Antiplasmodial activity (2DOWN>), Anti-tick ethnobotanicals (2), Antiulcer (2), Arginine to ornithine ratio (2), Aspergillus niger (2), Atropine sulphate (2), baboon (2), Balanites aegyptiaca (2), Bayesian network (2), Beverages (2), bioclimatic envelope (2), Biodiversity (2), Biogeography (2), boat (2), Botanical diversity (2), botany (2), Bufo regularis (2), Bukusu (2), Calcium chloride (2), Cambium (2), Cameroon (2), Castor oil (2), Central nervous system (2), Charcoal meal (2), Chemical precipitation (2), chilling injury (2), Chromatography (2)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

fruit (23.05), medicinal (20.79), hemiparasite (13.99), fuelwood (5.85), weed (5.82), starch (3.48), poison (2.43), grain legume (2.24), timber (2.09), oilseed/fat (1.98)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Depaepe T and Van Der Straeten D (2017) Ethylene A2 - Thomas, Brian. In Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences (Second Edition) (Ed.^(Eds Murray BG and Murphy DJ) pp. 403-410. (Academic Press: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123948076001039

Ammer MR, Zaman S, Khalid M, Bilal M, Erum S, Huang D and Che S (2016) Optimization of antibacterial activity of Eucalyptus tereticornis leaf extracts against Escherichia coli through response surface methodology. Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences 9, 376-385. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1687850716300188

Charles-Dominique T, Davies TJ, et al. (2016) Spiny plants, mammal browsers, and the origin of African savannas. PNAS 113, E5572-5579. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/113/38/E5572

Fouche G, Ramafuthula M, et al. (2016) Acaricidal activity of the organic extracts of thirteen South African plants against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology 224, 39-43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401716301650

Gwali S, Okullo P, Hafashimana D and Byabashaija DM (2016) Taxonomic Diversity, Distinctness, and Abundance of Tree and Shrub Species in Kasagala Forest Reserve in Uganda: Implications for Management and Conservation Policy Decisions. Tropical Conservation Science 3, 319-333. http://trc.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/3/3/319

Habermann JM, Stanistreet IG, Stollhofen H, Albert RM, Bamford MK, Pante MC, Njau JK and Masao FT (2016) In situ 2.0 Ma trees discovered as fossil rooted stumps, lowermost Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 90, 74-87. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248415002262

Jandér KC, Dafoe A and Herre EA (2016) Fitness reduction for uncooperative fig wasps through reduced offspring size: a third component of host sanctions. Ecology 97, 2491-2500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1471

Lateef A, Ojo SA and Oladejo SM (2016) Anti-candida, anti-coagulant and thrombolytic activities of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using cell-free extract of Bacillus safensis LAU 13. Process Biochemistry 51, 1406-1412. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359511316302434

Mbosso Teinkela JE, Siwe Noundou X, et al. (2016) Identification of compounds with anti-proliferative activity from the wood of Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. aerial roots. Fitoterapia 112, 65-73. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X16301009

Mligo C (2016) Diversity and distribution pattern of riparian plant species in the Wami River system, Tanzania. J Plant Ecol, rtw021. http://jpe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/rtw021v2

Msuya TS and Kideghesho JR (2016) The Role of Traditional Management Practices in Enhancing Sustainable Use and Conservation of Medicinal Plants in West Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Tropical Conservation Science 2, 88-105. http://trc.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/2/1/88

Pikirayi I, Sulas F, Musindo TT, Chimwanda A, Chikumbirike J, Mtetwa E, Nxumalo B and Sagiya ME (2016) Great Zimbabwes water. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water 3, 195-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1133

Salem MZM, Zidan YE, El Hadidi NMN, Mansour MMA and Abo Elgat WAA (2016) Evaluation of usage three natural extracts applied to three commercial wood species against five common molds. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 110, 206-226. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964830516300981

Schneckenburger S (2016) Shakespeares Pflanzenwelt. Biologie in unserer Zeit 46, 58-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/biuz.201610587

Susoy V, Herrmann M, et al. (2016) Large-scale diversification without genetic isolation in nematode symbionts of figs. SciAdv 2, e1501031-. http://advances.sciencemag.org

Urso V, Signorini MA, Tonini M and Bruschi P (2016) Wild medicinal and food plants used by communities living in Mopane woodlands of southern Angola: Results of an ethnobotanical field investigation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 177, 126-139. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115302439

Veberic R and Mikulic-Petkovsek M (2016) Chapter 11 - Phytochemical Composition of Common Fig (Ficus carica L.) Cultivars A2 - Simmonds, Monique S.J. In Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars (Ed.^(Eds Preedy VR) pp. 235-255. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124081178000118

Yang F, Cao B, Tao Y, Cao D and Zhang Y (2016) Nicotinamide-assisted fabrication of high-stability gold-palladium nanoparticles on carbon fiber cloth for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction. Electrochimica Acta 210, 199-205. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468616312300

Albert RM, Bamford MK and Esteban I (2015) Reconstruction of ancient palm vegetation landscapes using a phytolith approach. Quaternary International 369, 51-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618214004492

Al-Matani SK, Al-Wahaibi RNS and Hossain MA (2015) Total flavonoids content and antimicrobial activity of crude extract from leaves of Ficus sycomorus native to Sultanate of Oman. Karbala International Journal of Modern Science 1, 166-171. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405609X15300191

Al-matani SK, Al-Wahaibi RNS and Hossain MA (2015) In vitro evaluation of the total phenolic and flavonoid contents and the antimicrobial and cytotoxicity activities of crude fruit extracts with different polarities from Ficus sycomorus. Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering 17, 103-108. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S240588231600003X

Bronk Ramsey C, Higham TFG, Brock F, Baker D, Ditchfield P and Staff RA (2015) Radiocarbon Dates from the Oxford AMS System: Archaeometry Datelist 35. Archaeometry 57, 177-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12134

Cartwright CR (2015) The principles, procedures and pitfalls in identifying archaeological and historical wood samples. Ann. Bot. 116, 1-13. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/116/1/1

Charles-Dominique T, Staver AC, Midgley GF and Bond WJ (2015) Functional differentiation of biomes in an African savanna/forest mosaic. South African Journal of Botany 101, 82-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629915002768

Ghana S, Suleman N and Compton SG (2015) Ability to gall: the ultimate basis of host specificity in fig wasps? Ecological Entomology 40, 280-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12183

Ghana S, Suleman N and Compton SG (2015) A comparison of pollinator fig wasp development in figs of Ficus montana and its hybrids with Ficus asperifolia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 156, 225-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eea.12338

Hundera K, Honnay O, Aerts R and Muys B (2015) The potential of small exclosures in assisting regeneration of coffee shade trees in South-Western Ethiopian coffee forests. African Journal of Ecology 53, 389-397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12203

JandÉR KC (2015) Indirect mutualism: ants protect fig seeds and pollen dispersers from parasites. Ecological Entomology 40, 500-510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12215

Komlaga G, Agyare C, Dickson Rita A, Mensah MLincoln K, Annan K, Loiseau PM and Champy P (2015) Medicinal plants and finished marketed herbal products used in the treatment of malaria in the Ashanti region, Ghana. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 172, 333-346. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115300064

Lalika MCS, Meire P and Ngaga YM (2015) Exploring watershed conservation and water governance along Pangani River Basin, Tanzania. Land Use Policy 48, 351-361. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837715001787

Leonard C, Vashro L, OConnell JF and Henry AG (2015) Plant microremains in dental calculus as a record of plant consumption: A test with Twe forager-horticulturalists. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 2, 449-457. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352409X1500036X

Liu G-X, Yang D-R, Peng Y-Q and Compton SG (2015) Complementary fruiting phenologies facilitate sharing of one pollinator fig wasp by two fig trees. J Plant Ecol 8, 197-206. http://jpe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/8/2/197

Muvengwi J, Ndagurwa HGT and Nyenda T (2015) Enhanced soil nutrient concentrations beneath-canopy of savanna trees infected by mistletoes in a southern African savanna. Journal of Arid Environments 116, 25-28. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014019631500018X

Ngaruiya GW (2015) Reweaving stakeholder networks: Promoting climate mitigation and Maasai culture using medicinal plants in Kenya. Ecosystem Services 15, 103-112. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041615300085

Ouédraogo O, Bondé L, Boussim JI and Linstädter A (2015) Caught in a human disturbance trap: Responses of tropical savanna trees to increasing land-use pressure. Forest Ecology and Management 354, 68-76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037811271500362X

Pandey VP and Dwivedi UN (2015) A ripening associated peroxidase from papaya having a role in defense and lignification: Heterologous expression and in-silico and in-vitro experimental validation. Gene 555, 438-447. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378111914012748

Raja S, Suleman N, Quinnell RJ and Compton SG (2015) Interactions between pollinator and non-pollinator fig wasps: correlations between their numbers can be misleading. Entomological Science 18, 230-236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ens.12100

Sarah P, Zhevelev HM and Oz A (2015) Urban Park Soil and Vegetation: Effects of Natural and Anthropogenic Factors. Pedosphere 25, 392-404. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1002016015300072

Souza CD, Pereira RAS, Marinho CR, Kjellberg F and Teixeira SP (2015) Diversity of fig glands is associated with nursery mutualism in fig trees. Am. J. Botany 102, 1564-1577. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/10/1564

Stavi I, Fizik E and Argaman E (2015) Contour bench terrace (shich/shikim) forestry systems in the semi-arid Israeli Negev: Effects on soil quality, geodiversity, and herbaceous vegetation. Geomorphology 231, 376-382. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X14006321

Tian E, Nason JD, Machado CA, Zheng L, Yu H and Kjellberg F (2015) Lack of genetic isolation by distance, similar genetic structuring but different demographic histories in a fig-pollinating wasp mutualism. Molecular Ecology 24, 5976-5991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.13438

Waheed M, Muhammad F, Javed I, Akhtar M, Saleemi MK, Khaliq T, Awais MM and Anwar MI (2015) Dermatoprotective effects of some plant extracts (genus Ficus) against experimentally induced toxicological insults in rabbits. Toxicology and Industrial Health 31, 982-989. http://tih.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/31/11/982

Wang R, Aylwin R, et al. (2015) The fig wasp followers and colonists of a widely introduced fig tree, Ficus microcarpa. Insect Conservation and Diversity 8, 322-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/icad.12111

Wang R, Compton SG, Quinnell RJ, Peng Y-Q, Barwell L and Chen Y (2015) Insect responses to host plant provision beyond natural boundaries: latitudinal and altitudinal variation in a Chinese fig wasp community. Ecology and Evolution 5, 3642-3656. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1622

Wang R, Segar ST, Harper M, Yu HUI, Quinnell RJ and Compton SG (2015) Between-species facilitation by male fig wasps in shared figs. Ecological Entomology 40, 428-436. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12201

Weli AM, Al-Blushi AAM and Hossain MA (2015) Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of different leaves crude extracts of Omani Ficus carica against food borne pathogenic bacteria. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 5, 13-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2222180814606198

(2014) Index to IJNA Volume 43. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 43, 494-496. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1095-9270.12072

Arbellay E, Stoffel M, Sutherland EK, Smith KT and Falk DA (2014) Changes in tracheid and ray traits in fire scars of North American conifers and their ecophysiological implications. Ann. Bot. 114, 223-232. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/114/2/223

Barolo MI, Ruiz Mostacero N and López SN (2014) Ficus carica L. (Moraceae): An ancient source of food and health. Food Chemistry 164, 119-127. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814614006852

Basso-Alves JP, Pereira RAS, Peng Y-Q and Teixeira SP (2014) Different ontogenetic processes promote dicliny in Ficus L. (Moraceae). Acta Oecologica 57, 5-16. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13000398

Belov A (2014) New Evidence for the Steering System of the Egyptian Baris (Herodotus 2.96). International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 43, 3-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1095-9270.12030

Conchou L, Ciminera M, Hossaert-McKey M and Kjellberg F (2014) The non-pollinating fig wasps associated with Ficus guianensis: Community structure and impact of the large species on the fig/pollinator mutualism. Acta Oecologica 57, 28-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13001112

Ellstrand NC (2014) Is gene flow the most important evolutionary force in plants? Am. J. Botany 101, 737-753. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/5/737

Francisco V, Costa G, Neves BM, Cruz MT and Batista MT (2014) Chapter 28 - Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Polyphenols on Dendritic Cells. In Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 373-392. (Academic Press: San Diego). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123984562000281

Ibrahim MA, Mohammed A, Isah MB and Aliyu AB (2014) Anti-trypanosomal activity of African medicinal plants: A review update. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154, 26-54. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114002876

Jansen-González S, Teixeira SdP, Kjellberg F and Pereira RAS (2014) Same but different: Larval development and gall-inducing process of a non-pollinating fig wasp compared to that of pollinating fig-wasps. Acta Oecologica 57, 44-50. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13001100

Kidane B, van der Maesen LJG, van Andel T and Asfaw Z (2014) Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants used by the Maale and Ari ethnic communities in southern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 153, 274-282. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114001445

Krishnan A and Borges RM (2014) Parasites exert conflicting selection pressures to affect reproductive asynchrony of their host plant in an obligate pollination mutualism. Journal of Ecology 102, 1329-1340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12277

Kusari S, Tatsimo SJN, Zühlke S, Talontsi FM, Kouam SF and Spiteller M (2014) Tramadol—A True Natural Product? Angewandte Chemie 126, 12269-12272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ange.201406639

Landau SY, Muklada H, Abu-Rabia A, Kaadan S and Azaizeh H (2014) Traditional Arab ethno-veterinary practices in small ruminant breeding in Israel. Small Ruminant Research 119, 161-171. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448814000303

Martinson EO, Jandér KC, Peng Y-Q, Chen H-H, Machado CA, Arnold AE and Herre EA (2014) Relative investment in egg load and poison sac in fig wasps: Implications for physiological mechanisms underlying seed and wasp production in figs. Acta Oecologica 57, 58-66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13001240

Prabhu S, Vijayakumar S, Yabesh JEM, Ravichandran K and Sakthivel B (2014) Documentation and quantitative analysis of the local knowledge on medicinal plants in Kalrayan hills of Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 157, 7-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874114006680

Salem WM, Haridy M, Sayed WF and Hassan NH (2014) Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized from latex and leaf extract of Ficus sycomorus. Industrial Crops and Products 62, 228-234. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092666901400510X

Schlecht E, Zaballos LGH, Quiroz D, Scholte P and Buerkert A (2014) Traditional land use and reconsideration of environmental zoning in the Hawf Protected Area, south-eastern Yemen. Journal of Arid Environments 109, 92-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196314001311

Termote C, Raneri J, Deptford A and Cogill B (2014) Assessing the Potential of Wild Foods to Reduce the Cost of a Nutritionally Adequate Diet: An Example from Eastern Baringo District, Kenya. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 35, 458-479. http://fnb.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/35/4/458

Wang B, Geng X-Z, Ma L-B, Cook JM and Wang R-W (2014) A trophic cascade induced by predatory ants in a fig–fig wasp mutualism. Journal of Animal Ecology 83, 1149-1157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12219

Wang N, Wang NX, Niu LM, Bian SN, Xiao JH and Huang DW (2014) Odorant-binding protein (OBP) genes affect host specificity in a fig–pollinator mutualistic system. Insect Molecular Biology 23, 621-631. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imb.12110

Wang R, Matthews A, Ratcliffe J, Barwell LJ, Peng Y-Q, Chou L-S, Yu HUI, Yang H-W and Compton SG (2014) First record of an apparently rare fig wasp feeding strategy: obligate seed predation. Ecological Entomology 39, 492-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12122

Zhang L-S, Compton SG, Xiao H, Lu Q and Chen Y (2014) Living on the edge: Fig tree phenology at the northern range limit of monoecious Ficus in China. Acta Oecologica 57, 135-141. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13001422

Zhao J-B, Peng Y-Q, Quinnell RJ, Compton SG and Yang D-R (2014) A switch from mutualist to exploiter is reflected in smaller egg loads and increased larval mortalities in a ‘cheater’ fig wasp. Acta Oecologica 57, 51-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X13000684

Abdel-Aty AM, Hamed MB, Fahmy AS and Mohamed SA (2013) Comparison of the potential of Ficus sycomorus latex and horseradish peroxidases in the decolorization of synthetic and natural dyes. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology 11, 95-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1687157X13000309

Bulafu C, Baranga D, Mucunguzi P, Telford RJ and Vandvik V (2013) Massive structural and compositional changes over two decades in forest fragments near Kampala, Uganda. Ecology and Evolution 3, 3804-3823. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.747

Cardona W, Kattan G and de Ulloa PC (2013) Non-pollinating Fig Wasps Decrease Pollinator and Seed Production in Ficus andicola (Moraceae). Biotropica 45, 203-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00901.x

Chen H-H, Yang D-R, Gu D, Compton SG and Peng Y-Q (2013) Secondary galling: a novel feeding strategy among ‘non-pollinating’ fig wasps from Ficus curtipes. Ecological Entomology 38, 381-389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12030

Donia AERM, Soliman GA, Zaghloul AM, Alqasoumi SI, Awaad AS, Radwan AM and Basodan OA (2013) Chemical constituents and protective effect of Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver damage in male Wistar albino rats. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society 17, 125-133. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1319610312000749

Hamed SAM (2013) In-vitro studies on wood degradation in soil by soft-rot fungi: Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 78, 98-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964830512003356

Jacobson PJ and Jacobson KM (2013) Hydrologic controls of physical and ecological processes in Namib Desert ephemeral rivers: Implications for conservation and management. Journal of Arid Environments 93, 80-93. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196312000420

Kaushik NK, Bagavan A, Rahuman AA, Mohanakrishnan D, Kamaraj C, Elango G, Zahir AA and Sahal D (2013) Antiplasmodial potential of selected medicinal plants from Eastern Ghats of South India. Experimental Parasitology 134, 26-32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014489413000313

Leauthaud C, Duvail S, Hamerlynck O, Paul J-L, Cochet H, Nyunja J, Albergel J and Grünberger O (2013) Floods and livelihoods: The impact of changing water resources on wetland agro-ecological production systems in the Tana River Delta, Kenya. Global Environmental Change 23, 252-263. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378012001136

Megaze A, Belay G and Balakrishnan M (2013) Population structure and ecology of the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer Sparrman, 1779) in Chebera Churchura National Park, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology 51, 393-401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aje.12049

Muturi GM, Poorter L, Mohren GMJ and Kigomo BN (2013) Ecological impact of Prosopis species invasion in Turkwel riverine forest, Kenya. Journal of Arid Environments 92, 89-97. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196313000153

Ngadjui E, Watcho P, Nguelefack TB and Kamanyi A (2013) Effects of Ficus asperifolia on normal rat estrus cyclicity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3, 53-57. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169113600234

Sandrin P, Belov A and Fabre D (2013) The Roman Shipwreck of Antirhodos Island in the Portus Magnus of Alexandria, Egypt. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 42, 44-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2012.00363.x

Segar ST, Pereira RAS, Compton SG and Cook JM (2013) Convergent structure of multitrophic communities over three continents. Ecology Letters 16, 1436-1445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12183

Sop TK and Oldeland J (2013) LOCAL PERCEPTIONS OF WOODY VEGETATION DYNAMICS IN THE CONTEXT OF A ‘GREENING SAHEL’: A CASE STUDY FROM BURKINA FASO. Land Degradation & Development 24, 511-527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.1144

Suleman N, Raja S and Compton SG (2013) Parasitism of a pollinator fig wasp: mortalities are higher in figs with more pollinators, but are not related to local densities of figs. Ecological Entomology 38, 478-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12041

Suleman N, Raja S, Quinnell RJ and Compton SG (2013) Putting your eggs in several baskets: oviposition in a wasp that walks between several figs. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 149, 85-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eea.12108

Wang H, Ridley J, Dunn DW, Wang R, Cook JM and Yu DW (2013) Biased oviposition and biased survival together help resolve a fig–wasp conflict. Oikos 122, 533-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20463.x

(2012) South African Association of Botanists (SAAB) – Annual Meeting 2012: Abstracts of papers and posters presented at the 38th Annual Congress of the South African Association of Botanists held at the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 15-18 January 2012. South African Journal of Botany 79, 173-240. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629912000130

Al-Beidh S, Dunn DW, Power SA and Cook JM (2012) Parasites and mutualism function: measuring enemy-free space in a fig–pollinator symbiosis. Oikos, no-no. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20179.x

Arbellay E, Fonti P and Stoffel M (2012) Duration and extension of anatomical changes in wood structure after cambial injury. J. Exp. Bot. 63, 3271-3277. http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/63/8/3271

Cardona W, Kattan G and de Ulloa PC (2012) Non-pollinating Fig Wasps Decrease Pollinator and Seed Production in Ficus andicola (Moraceae). Biotropica, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00901.x

Cornille A, Underhill JG, Cruaud A, Hossaert-McKey M, Johnson SD, Tolley KA, Kjellberg F, van Noort S and Proffit M (2012) Floral volatiles, pollinator sharing and diversification in the fig-wasp mutualism: insights from Ficus natalensis, and its two wasp pollinators (South Africa). Proc R Soc B 279, 1731-1739. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/279/1734/1731

Cruaud A, Ronsted N, et al. (2012) An Extreme Case of Plant-Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps. Syst Biol 61, 1029-1047. http://sysbio.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/61/6/1029

Elias LG, Teixeira SP, Kjellberg F and Augusto Santinelo Pereira R (2012) Diversification in the use of resources by Idarnes species: bypassing functional constraints in the fig–fig wasp interaction. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106, 114-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01851.x

Ezeja IM, Ezeigbo II, Madubuike KG, Udeh NE, Ukweni IA, Akomas SC and Ifenkwe DC (2012) Antidiarrheal activity of Pterocarpus erinaceus methanol leaf extract in experimentally–induced diarrhea. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 5, 147-150. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764512600145

Kremer A, Ronce O, et al. (2012) Long-distance gene flow and adaptation of forest trees to rapid climate change. Ecology Letters 15, 378-392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01746.x

Kuaraksa C, Elliott S and Hossaert-Mckey M (2012) The phenology of dioecious Ficus spp. tree species and its importance for forest restoration projects. Forest Ecology and Management 265, 82-93. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112711006360

Manyi-Loh CE, Clarke AM and Ndip RN (2012) Detection of Phytoconstituents in Column Fractions of n-Hexane Extract of Goldcrest Honey Exhibiting Anti-Helicobacter pylori Activity. Archives of Medical Research 43, 197-204. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0188440912001221

Meyer RS, DuVal AE and Jensen HR (2012) Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an historical review and quantitative analysis of 203 global food crops. New Phytologist 196, 29-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04253.x

Scheepens JF, Frei ES, Armbruster GFJ and Stocklin J (2012) Pollen dispersal and gene flow within and into a population of the alpine monocarpic plant Campanula thyrsoides. Ann. Bot. 110, 1479-1488. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/110/7/1479

Shrader AM, Bell C, Bertolli L and Ward D (2012) Forest or the trees: At what scale do elephants make foraging decisions? Acta Oecologica 42, 3-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X11001391

Sulieman HM, Buchroithner MF and Elhag MM (2012) Use of local knowledge for assessing vegetation changes in the Southern Gadarif Region, Sudan. African Journal of Ecology 50, 233-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2011.01318.x

Wanzala W, Takken W, Mukabana WR, Pala AO and Hassanali A (2012) Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 298-324. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000347

Yisehak K, Becker A, Rothman JM, Dierenfeld ES, Marescau B, Bosch G, Hendriks W and Janssens GPJ (2012) Amino acid profile of salivary proteins and plasmatic trace mineral response to dietary condensed tannins in free-ranging zebu cattle (Bos indicus) as a marker of habitat degradation. Livestock Science 144, 275-280. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141311004793

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Ficus sycomorus: 345; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

(2012) South African Association of Botanists (SAAB) – Annual Meeting 2012: Abstracts of papers and posters presented at the 38th Annual Congress of the South African Association of Botanists held at the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 15-18 January 2012. South African Journal of Botany 79, 173-240.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629912000130

Al-Beidh S, Dunn DW, Power SA and Cook JM (2012) Parasites and mutualism function: measuring enemy-free space in a fig–pollinator symbiosis. Oikos, no-no.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20179.x

Arbellay E, Fonti P and Stoffel M (2012) Duration and extension of anatomical changes in wood structure after cambial injury. J. Exp. Bot. 63, 3271-3277.  http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/63/8/3271

Cardona W, Kattan G and de Ulloa PC (2012) Non-pollinating Fig Wasps Decrease Pollinator and Seed Production in Ficus andicola (Moraceae). Biotropica, n/a-n/a.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00901.x

Cornille A, Underhill JG, Cruaud A, Hossaert-McKey M, Johnson SD, Tolley KA, Kjellberg F, van Noort S and Proffit M (2012) Floral volatiles, pollinator sharing and diversification in the fig-wasp mutualism: insights from Ficus natalensis, and its two wasp pollinators (South Africa). Proc R Soc B 279, 1731-1739.  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/279/1734/1731

Cruaud A, Ronsted N, et al. (2012) An Extreme Case of Plant-Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps. Syst Biol 61, 1029-1047.  http://sysbio.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/61/6/1029

Elias LG, Teixeira SP, Kjellberg F and Augusto Santinelo Pereira R (2012) Diversification in the use of resources by Idarnes species: bypassing functional constraints in the fig–fig wasp interaction. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106, 114-122.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01851.x

Ezeja IM, Ezeigbo II, Madubuike KG, Udeh NE, Ukweni IA, Akomas SC and Ifenkwe DC (2012) Antidiarrheal activity of Pterocarpus erinaceus methanol leaf extract in experimentally–induced diarrhea. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 5, 147-150.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764512600145

Kremer A, Ronce O, et al. (2012) Long-distance gene flow and adaptation of forest trees to rapid climate change. Ecology Letters 15, 378-392.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01746.x

Kuaraksa C, Elliott S and Hossaert-Mckey M (2012) The phenology of dioecious Ficus spp. tree species and its importance for forest restoration projects. Forest Ecology and Management 265, 82-93.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112711006360

Manyi-Loh CE, Clarke AM and Ndip RN (2012) Detection of Phytoconstituents in Column Fractions of n-Hexane Extract of Goldcrest Honey Exhibiting Anti-Helicobacter pylori Activity. Archives of Medical Research 43, 197-204.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0188440912001221

Meyer RS, DuVal AE and Jensen HR (2012) Patterns and processes in crop domestication: an historical review and quantitative analysis of 203 global food crops. New Phytologist 196, 29-48.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04253.x

Scheepens JF, Frei ES, Armbruster GFJ and Stocklin J (2012) Pollen dispersal and gene flow within and into a population of the alpine monocarpic plant Campanula thyrsoides. Ann. Bot. 110, 1479-1488.  http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/110/7/1479

Sulieman HM, Buchroithner MF and Elhag MM (2012) Use of local knowledge for assessing vegetation changes in the Southern Gadarif Region, Sudan. African Journal of Ecology 50, 233-242.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2011.01318.x

Wanzala W, Takken W, Mukabana WR, Pala AO and Hassanali A (2012) Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 140, 298-324.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112000347

Yisehak K, Becker A, Rothman JM, Dierenfeld ES, Marescau B, Bosch G, Hendriks W and Janssens GPJ (2012) Amino acid profile of salivary proteins and plasmatic trace mineral response to dietary condensed tannins in free-ranging zebu cattle (Bos indicus) as a marker of habitat degradation. Livestock Science 144, 275-280.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141311004793

(2011) Index. In ‘Ethnobiology’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 389-399. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118015872.index

Abegunde TO and Akinsoyinu AO (2011) Replacement effects of Panicum maximum with Ficus polita on performance of West African dwarf goats. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 95, 192-197.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2010.01040.x

Adams M, Alther W, Kessler M, Kluge M and Hamburger M (2011) Malaria in the renaissance: Remedies from European herbals from the 16th and 17th century. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 278-288.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110007713

Adeyemi O and Akanji M (2011) Biochemical changes in the kidney and liver of rats following administration of ethanolic extract of Psidium guajava leaves. Human and Experimental Toxicology 30, 1266-1274.  http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/30/9/1266

Aerts R, Hundera K, Berecha G, Gijbels P, Baeten M, Van Mechelen M, Hermy M, Muys B and Honnay O (2011) Semi-forest coffee cultivation and the conservation of Ethiopian Afromontane rainforest fragments. Forest Ecology and Management 261, 1034-1041.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112710007280

Alzweiri M, Sarhan AA, Mansi K, Hudaib M and Aburjai T (2011) Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal herbs in Jordan, the Northern Badia region. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 27-35.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887411100078X

Bekheet S, Abdel-Motaal F and Mahalel U (2011) Antifungal effects of Ficus sycomorus and Pergularia tomentosa aqueous extracts on some organs in Bufo regularis treated with Aspergillus niger. Tissue Cell 43, 398-404.

Bekheet SHM, Abdel-Motaal FF and Mahalel UA (2011) Antifungal effects of Ficus sycomorus and Pergularia tomentosa aqueous extracts on some organs in Bufo regularis treated with Aspergillus niger. Tissue and Cell 43, 398-404.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040816611001121

Bonizzoni L, Bruni S, Guglielmi V, Milazzo M and Neri O (2011) FIELD AND LABORATORY MULTI-TECHNIQUE ANALYSIS OF PIGMENTS AND ORGANIC PAINTING MEDIA FROM AN EGYPTIAN COFFIN (26TH DYNASTY). Archaeometry 53, 1212-1230.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2011.00592.x

Borges RM, Ranganathan Y, Krishnan A, Ghara M and Pramanik G (2011) When should fig fruit produce volatiles? Pattern in a ripening process. Acta Oecologica 37, 611-618.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X11001032

Bruschi P, Morganti M, Mancini M and Signorini MA (2011) Traditional healers and laypeople: A qualitative and quantitative approach to local knowledge on medicinal plants in Muda (Mozambique). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138, 543-563.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111007276

Chen Y, Jiang Z-X, Compton SG, Liu M and Chen X-Y (2011) Genetic diversity and differentiation of the extremely dwarf Ficus tikoua in Southwestern China. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 39, 441-448.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030519781100127X

Cooper JP (2011) Humbler Craft: Rafts of the Egyptian Nile, 17th to 20th Centuries AD. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 40, 344-360.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2010.00295.x

Cruaud A, Jabbour-Zahab R, et al. (2011) Out of Australia and back again: the world-wide historical biogeography of non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Journal of Biogeography 38, 209-225.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02429.x

De Carvalho LMM (2011) The Symbolic Uses of Plants. In ‘Ethnobiology’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 351-369. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118015872.ch21

Dlamini W (2011) Probabilistic spatio-temporal assessment of vegetation vulnerability to climate change in Swaziland. Global Change Biology 17, 1425-1441.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02317.x

Dunn DW, Jansen-González S, Cook JM, Yu DW and Pereira RAS (2011) Measuring the discrepancy between fecundity and lifetime reproductive success in a pollinating fig wasp. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 140, 218-225.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2011.01151.x

El-Sayed M, Abdel-Hadi A, Sabra A, Mahmoud M, El-Wakil E and Ghareeb M (2011) Effect of Ficus sycomorus and Azadirachta indica extracts on liver state of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 41, 77-88.

Gnanadesigan M, Ravikumar S and Inbaneson SJ (2011) Hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties of marine halophyte Luminetzera racemosa bark extract in CCL4 induced hepatotoxicity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 4, 462-465.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764511601260

Greeff JM and Newman DVK (2011) TESTING MODELS OF FACULTATIVE SEX RATIO ADJUSTMENT IN THE POLLINATING FIG WASP PLATYSCAPA AWEKEI. Evolution 65, 203-219.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01116.x

Humphries MS, Kindness A, Ellery WN and Hughes JC (2011) Water chemistry and effect of evapotranspiration on chemical sedimentation on the Mkuze River floodplain, South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 75, 555-565.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196311000310

Humphries MS, Kindness A, Ellery WN, Hughes JC, Bond JK and Barnes KB (2011) Vegetation influences on groundwater salinity and chemical heterogeneity in a freshwater, recharge floodplain wetland, South Africa. Journal of Hydrology 411, 130-139.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169411006913

Kurtzman CP (2011) Chapter 53 - Ogataea Y. Yamada, K. Maeda &amp; Mikata (1994). In ‘The Yeasts (Fifth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 645-671. (Elsevier: London). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444521491000537

Lachance M-A, Boekhout T, Scorzetti G, Fell JW and Kurtzman CP (2011) Chapter 90 - Candida. In ‘The Yeasts (Fifth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 987-1278. (Elsevier: London). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444521491000902

Lin R-C, Yeung CKL, Fong JJ, Tzeng H-Y and Li S-H (2011) The Lack of Pollinator Specificity in a Dioecious Fig Tree: Sympatric Fig-pollinating Wasps of Ficus septica in Southern Taiwan. Biotropica 43, 200-207.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2010.00686.x

Maroyi A (2011) An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the people in Nhema communal area, Zimbabwe. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 347-354.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111003229

McLeish M, Guo D, van Noort S and Midgley G (2011) Life on the edge: rare and restricted episodes of a pan-tropical mutualism adapting to drier climates. New Phytologist 191, 210-222.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03683.x

Moe AM, Rossi DR and Weiblen GD (2011) Pollinator sharing in dioecious figs (Ficus: Moraceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103, 546-558.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01669.x

Muthee JK, Gakuya DW, Mbaria JM, Kareru PG, Mulei CM and Njonge FK (2011) Ethnobotanical study of anthelmintic and other medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok district of Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 15-21.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000766

Nadembega P, Boussim JI, Nikiema JB, Poli F and Antognoni F (2011) Medicinal plants in Baskoure, Kourittenga Province, Burkina Faso: An ethnobotanical study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 378-395.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110007014

Nagata JM, Jew AR, Kimeu JM, Salmen CR, Bukusi EA and Cohen CR (2011) Medical pluralism on Mfangano Island: Use of medicinal plants among persons living with HIV/AIDS in Suba District, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 135, 501-509.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002029

Obidike IC and Emeje MO (2011) Microencapsulation enhances the anti-ulcerogenic properties of Entada africana leaf extract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 553-561.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111004296

Patil MS, Patil CR, Patil SW and Jadhav RB (2011) Anticonvulsant activity of aqueous root extract of Ficus religiosa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133, 92-96.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110006422

Smith MT (2011) Chapter 14 - Ambrosiozyma van der Walt (1972). In ‘The Yeasts (Fifth Edition)’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 311-317. (Elsevier: London). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444521491000148

Sop TK and Oldeland J (2011) LOCAL PERCEPTIONS OF WOODY VEGETATION DYNAMICS IN THE CONTEXT OF A ‘GREENING SAHEL’: A CASE STUDY FROM BURKINA FASO. Land Degradation & Development, n/a-n/a.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.1144

Suleman N, Raja S, Zhang Y and Compton SG (2011) Sexual differences in the attractiveness of figs to pollinators: females stay attractive for longer. Ecological Entomology 36, 417-424.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2011.01284.x

Tabuti JRS, Muwanika VB, Arinaitwe MZ and Ticktin T (2011) Conservation of priority woody species on farmlands: A case study from Nawaikoke sub-county, Uganda. Applied Geography 31, 456-462.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622810001219

Telefo PB, Lienou LL, Yemele MD, Lemfack MC, Mouokeu C, Goka CS, Tagne SR and Moundipa FP (2011) Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used for the treatment of female infertility in Baham, Cameroon. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136, 178-187.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111002765

Van Wyk BE (2011) The potential of South African plants in the development of new food and beverage products. South African Journal of Botany 77, 857-868.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629911001116

Wambugu SN, Mathiu PM, Gakuya DW, Kanui TI, Kabasa JD and Kiama SG (2011) Medicinal plants used in the management of chronic joint pains in Machakos and Makueni counties, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137, 945-955.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111004661

Wang B, Deng J, Gao Y, Zhu L, He R and Xu Y (2011) The screening toolbox of bioactive substances from natural products: A review. Fitoterapia 82, 1141-1151.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X11001924

Wang R-W, Sun B-F, Zheng Q, Shi L and Zhu L (2011) Asymmetric interaction and indeterminate fitness correlation between cooperative partners in the fig-fig wasp mutualism. J R Soc Interface 8, 1487-1496.  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/8/63/1487

Williams VL, Wojtasik EM and Witkowski ETF (2011) Ethno-ecological evidence for Hydnora abyssinica occurring in Johannesburg and Durban traditional medicine markets. South African Journal of Botany 77, 268-279.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629910002073

Craft KJ and Ashley MV (2010) Pollen-mediated gene flow in isolated and continuous stands of bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa (Fagaceae). Am. J. Botany 97, 1999-2006.  http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/97/12/1999

Jander KC and Herre EA (2010) Host sanctions and pollinator cheating in the fig tree-fig wasp mutualism. Proc R Soc B 277, 1481-1488.  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/277/1687/1481

Zhang G and Han X (2010) N:P stoichiometry in Ficus racemosa and its mutualistic pollinator. J Plant Ecol 3, 123-130.  http://jpe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/3/2/123

Abdel-Hameed E-SS (2009) Total phenolic contents and free radical scavenging activity of certain Egyptian Ficus species leaf samples. Food Chemistry 114, 1271-1277.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608013083

Achtak H, Oukabli A, Ater M, Santoni S, Kjellberg F and Khadari B (2009) Microsatellite Markers as Reliable Tools for Fig Cultivar Identification. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134, 624-631.  http://journal.ashspublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/134/6/624

Ahmed S, Compton SG, Butlin RK and Gilmartin PM (2009) Wind-borne insects mediate directional pollen transfer between desert fig trees 160 kilometers apart. PNAS 106, 20342-20347.  http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/106/48/20342

Carmi I, Kronfeld J, Yechieli Y, Yakir D, Boaretto E and Stiller M (2009) Carbon isotopes in pore water of the unsaturated zone and their relevance for initial 14C activity in groundwater in the coastal aquifer of Israel. Chemical Geology 268, 189-196.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009254109003611

Clarke DJ and Grebennikov VV (2009) Monophyly of Euaesthetinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): phylogenetic evidence from adults and larvae, review of austral genera, and new larval descriptions. Systematic Entomology 34, 346-397.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2009.00472.x

Copeland SR (2009) Potential hominin plant foods in northern Tanzania: semi-arid savannas versus savanna chimpanzee sites. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 365-378.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248409001249

Dussourd DE (2009) Do canal-cutting behaviours facilitate host-range expansion by insect herbivores? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 96, 715-731.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.01168.x

French C, Sulas F and Madella M (2009) New geoarchaeological investigations of the valley systems in the Aksum area of northern Ethiopia. CATENA 78, 218-233.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816209000320

Gonthier DJ (2009) Notes on seeds deposited in elephant dung at Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 47, 252-256.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00875.x

Ma W-J, Yang D-R and Peng Y-Q (2009) Disturbance effects on community structure of Ficus tinctoria fig wasps in Xishuangbanna, China: Implications for the fig/fig wasp mutualism. Insect Science 16, 417-424.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7917.2009.01265.x

Mark S (2009) The Construction of the Khufu I Vessel (c.2566 BC): a Re-Evaluation. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 38, 133-152.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2008.00212.x

Mbora DNM, Wieczkowski J and Munene E (2009) Links between habitat degradation, and social group size, ranging, fecundity, and parasite prevalence in the Tana River mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 562-571.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21113

Muhumuza M and Byarugaba D (2009) Impact of land use on the ecology of uncultivated plant species in the Rwenzori mountain range, mid western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 47, 614-621.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2009.01033.x

Nelson RM and Greeff JM (2009) Evolution of the scale and manner of brother competition in pollinating fig wasps. Animal Behaviour 77, 693-700.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347208005642

Proffit M, Chen C, Soler C, Bessičre J-M, Schatz B and Hossaert-McKey M (2009) Can chemical signals, responsible for mutualistic partner encounter, promote the specific exploitation of nursery pollination mutualisms? – The case of figs and fig wasps. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 131, 46-57.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2009.00823.x

Proffit M and Johnson SD (2009) Specificity of the signal emitted by figs to attract their pollinating wasps: Comparison of volatile organic compounds emitted by receptive syconia of Ficus sur and F. sycomorus in Southern Africa. South African Journal of Botany 75, 771-777.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629909002762

Ranganathan Y and Borges RM (2009) Predatory and trophobiont-tending ants respond differently to fig and fig wasp volatiles. Animal Behaviour 77, 1539-1545.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347209001468

Sayers W (2009) Tregetours in ‘The Franklin’s Tale’: Stage Magic and Siege Machines. Notes and Queries 56, 341-346.  http://nq.oxfordjournals.org

Singh D and Goel RK (2009) Anticonvulsant effect of Ficus religiosa: Role of serotonergic pathways. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 123, 330-334.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874109001330

Wieczkowski J (2009) Tree mortality due to an El Nińo flood along the lower Tana River, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 47, 56-62.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00918.x

Wieczkowski J (2009) Brief communication: Puncture and crushing resistance scores of Tana river mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus) diet items. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 572-577.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21132

Assefa Z, Yirga S and Reed KE (2008) The large-mammal fauna from the Kibish Formation. Journal of Human Evolution 55, 501-512.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248408001085

Banda T, Mwangulango N, Meyer B, Schwartz MW, Mbago F, Sungula M and Caro T (2008) The woodland vegetation of the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem in western Tanzania. Forest Ecology and Management 255, 3382-3395.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037811270800056X

Beater MMT, Garner RD and Witkowski ETF (2008) Impacts of clearing invasive alien plants from 1995 to 2005 on vegetation structure, invasion intensity and ground cover in a temperate to subtropical riparian ecosystem. South African Journal of Botany 74, 495-507.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629908001804

Dunn DW, Yu DW, Ridley J and Cook JM (2008) Longevity, early emergence and body size in a pollinating fig wasp – implications for stability in a fig–pollinator mutualism. Journal of Animal Ecology 77, 927-935.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01416.x

Ipulet P and Kasenene J (2008) Diversity of Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in farmlands and pastoral areas in Buganda region, central Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 46, 52-58.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.00929.x

Koné WM and Kamanzi Atindehou K (2008) Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinary medicine in Northern Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). South African Journal of Botany 74, 76-84.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003651

Lamien-Meda A, Lamien CE, Compaore MM, Meda RN, Kiendrebeogo M, Zeba B, Millogo JF and Nacoulma OG (2008) Polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of fourteen wild edible fruits from Burkina Faso. Molecules 13, 581-94.

Lansky EP, Paavilainen HM, Pawlus AD and Newman RA (2008) Ficus spp. (fig): Ethnobotany and potential as anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 119, 195-213.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108003309

Lin R-C, Yeung CKL and Li S-H (2008) Drastic post-LGM expansion and lack of historical genetic structure of a subtropical fig-pollinating wasp (Ceratosolen sp. 1) of Ficus septica in Taiwan. Molecular Ecology 17, 5008-5022.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03983.x

Maregesi SM, Pieters L, Ngassapa OD, Apers S, Vingerhoets R, Cos P, Berghe DA and Vlietinck AJ (2008) Screening of some Tanzanian medicinal plants from Bunda district for antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities. J Ethnopharmacol 119, 58-66.

Maregesi SM, Pieters L, Ngassapa OD, Apers S, Vingerhoets R, Cos P, Berghe DAV and Vlietinck AJ (2008) Screening of some Tanzanian medicinal plants from Bunda district for antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 119, 58-66.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410800295X

Mercuri AM (2008) Plant exploitation and ethnopalynological evidence from the Wadi Teshuinat area (Tadrart Acacus, Libyan Sahara). Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1619-1642.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030544030700218X

Mtui DJ, Lekule FP, Shem MN, Hayashida M and Fujihara T (2008) Mineral concentrations in leaves of nine browse species collected from Mvomero, Morogoro, Tanzania. Journal of food, agriculture & environment. 6, 226-230.  http://www.world-food.net/scientificjournal.php

Mtui DJ, Shem MN, Lekule FP, Ichinohe T and Fujihara T (2008) Evaluation of chemical composition and in vitro gas production of browses collected from Tanzania. Journal of food, agriculture & environment. 6, 191-195.  http://www.world-food.net/scientificjournal.php

Pallant CA and Steenkamp V (2008) In-vitro bioactivity of Venda medicinal plants used in the treatment of respiratory conditions. Human and Experimental Toxicology 27, 859-866.  http://het.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/27/11/859

Wieczkowski J and Kinnaird M (2008) Shifting forest composition and primate diets: a 13-year comparison of the Tana River mangabey and its habitat. American Journal of Primatology 70, 339-348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20495

Witkowski ETF and Garner RD (2008) Seed production, seed bank dynamics, resprouting and long-term response to clearing of the alien invasive Solanum mauritianum in a temperate to subtropical riparian ecosystem. South African Journal of Botany 74, 476-484.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629908001798

(2007) Plant Index Volume 78 (2007). Fitoterapia 78, 636-642.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07002419

Agea JG, Obua J, Kaboggoza JRS and Waiswa D (2007) Diversity of indigenous fruit trees in the traditional cotton-millet farming system: the case of Adwari subcounty, Lira district, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 45, 39-43.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00855.x

Ahmadu AA, Zezi AU and Yaro AH (2007) Anti-diarrheal activity of the leaf extracts of Daniellia oliveri Hutch and Dalz (Fabaceae) and Ficus sycomorus Miq (Moraceae). Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 4, 524-8.

Ahmed S, Dawson DA, Compton SG and Gilmartin PM (2007) Characterization of microsatellite loci in the African fig Ficus sycomorus L. (Moraceae). Molecular Ecology Notes 7, 1175-1177.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01822.x

Copeland SR (2007) Vegetation and plant food reconstruction of lowermost Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, using modern analogs. Journal of Human Evolution 53, 146-175.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248407000577

Crozier YC, Jia XC, Yao JY, Field AR, Cook JM and Crozier RH (2007) Microsatellite primers for Ficus racemosa and Ficus rubiginosa. Molecular Ecology Notes 7, 57-59.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-8286.2006.01523.x

Jewers C (2007) C’est li chevaliers au poisson: Richars li biaus as a Model of Speculative Chivalry. French Studies 61, 261-279.  http://fs.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/61/3/261

Jia X-C, Dan Y, Zhang Y and Chen Y-Z (2007) Direct evidence for the cycling of fig wasps within one male fig tree. Nordic Journal of Botany 25, 119-124.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0107-055X.2007.00021_23.x

Maregesi SM, Ngassapa OD, Pieters L and Vlietinck AJ (2007) Ethnopharmacological survey of the Bunda district, Tanzania: Plants used to treat infectious diseases. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 113, 457-470.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874107003200

Mbatudde M, Mucunguzi P and Lye KA (2007) Phenology of Asteraceae in selected districts of central Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 45, 67-72.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00860.x

Mbereko A, Chimbari MJ and Mukamuri BB (2007) An analysis of institutions associated with wetlands use, access and management in communal areas of Zimbabwe: A case study of Zungwi vlei, Zvishavane. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 32, 1291-1299.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1474706507001246

Newton C and Midant-Reynes B (2007) Environmental change and settlement shifts in Upper Egypt during the Predynastic: charcoal analysis at Adaima. The Holocene 17, 1109-1118.  http://hol.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/17/8/1109

Njoroge GN and Bussmann RW (2007) Ethnotherapeautic management of skin diseases among the Kikuyus of Central Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 111, 303-307.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874106006180

Patrick MJ and Ellery WN (2007) Plant community and landscape patterns of a floodplain wetland in Maputaland, Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology 45, 175-183.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00694.x

Proffit M, Schatz B, Borges RM and Hossaert-Mckey M (2007) Chemical mediation and niche partitioning in non-pollinating fig-wasp communities. Journal of Animal Ecology 76, 296-303.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01213.x

Smith JR, Hawkins AL, Asmerom Y, Polyak V and Giegengack R (2007) New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt. Journal of Human Evolution 52, 690-701.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248407000309

Steenkamp V, Fernandes AC and van Rensburg CEJ (2007) Antibacterial activity of Venda medicinal plants. Fitoterapia 78, 561-564.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X07001360

Steenkamp V, Fernandes AC and Van Rensburg CEJ (2007) Screening of Venda medicinal plants for antifungal activity against Candida albicans. South African Journal of Botany 73, 256-258.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629906001724

Tabuti JRS (2007) Status of non-cultivated food plants in Bulamogi County, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 45, 96-101.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00745.x

Zavodna M, Knapp SM, Compton SG, Arens P, Vosman BEN, Van Dijk PJ, Gilmartin PM and Van Damme JMM (2007) Reconstruction of fig wasp mating structure: how many mothers share a fig? Ecological Entomology 32, 485-491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00906.x

(2006) Subject Index Volumes 102-107 (2006). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 108, e29-e74.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410600479X

(2006) Volume Contents 102-107 (2006). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 108, e1-e18.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874106004776

Maingi JK and Marsh SE (2006) Composition, structure, and regeneration patterns in a gallery forest along the Tana River near Bura, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management 236, 211-228.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112706008930

Mwatawala MW, De Meyer M, Makundi RH and Maerere AP (2006) Seasonality and host utilization of the invasive fruit fly, Bactrocera invadens (Dipt., Tephritidae) in central Tanzania. Journal of Applied Entomology 130, 530-537.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2006.01099.x

Neke KS, Owen-Smith N and Witkowski ETF (2006) Comparative resprouting response of Savanna woody plant species following harvesting: the value of persistence. Forest Ecology and Management 232, 114-123.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037811270600363X

Pettit NE, Latterell JJ and Naiman RJ (2006) Formation, distribution and ecological consequences of flood-related wood debris piles in a bedrock confined river in semi-arid South Africa. River Research and Applications 22, 1097-1110.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rra.959

Pettit NE and Naiman RJ (2006) Flood-deposited wood creates regeneration niches for riparian vegetation on a semi-arid South African river. Journal of Vegetation Science 17, 615-624.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2006.tb02485.x

Prins HHT, De Boer WF, Van Oeveren H, Correia A, Mafuca J and Olff H (2006) Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique. African Journal of Ecology 44, 186-198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00619.x

Sandabe UK, Onyeyili PA and Chibuzo GA (2006) Phytochemical screening and effect of aqueous extract of Ficus sycomorus L. (Moraceae) stembark on muscular activity in laboratory animals. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 104, 283-285.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105006069

Valenza G, Valenza R, Brederlau J, Frosch M and Kurzai O (2006) Identification of Candida fabianii as a cause of lethal septicaemia. Mycoses 49, 331-334.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2006.01240.x

Verlinden A, Seely MK and Hillyer A (2006) Settlement, trees and termites in Central North Namibia: A case of indigenous resource management. Journal of Arid Environments 66, 307-335.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014019630500282X

Zegeye H, Teketay D and Kelbessa E (2006) Diversity, regeneration status and socio-economic importance of the vegetation in the islands of Lake Ziway, south-central Ethiopia. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 201, 483-498.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S036725300600034X

Zhang G, Song Q and Yang D (2006) Phenology of Ficus racemosa in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China1. Biotropica 38, 334-341.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00150.x

(2005) Notes on Recent Publications. Religious Studies Review 31, 61-119.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-0922.2005.0005.x

(2005) Reviews. Geographical Research 43, 329-336.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2005.00333.x

Codron J, Codron D, Lee-Thorp JA, Sponheimer M, Bond WJ, de Ruiter D and Grant R (2005) Taxonomic, anatomical, and spatio-temporal variations in the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of plants from an African savanna. Journal of Archaeological Science 32, 1757-1772.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440305001329

Ghazoul J (2005) Pollen and seed dispersal among dispersed plants. Biological Reviews 80, 413-443.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1464793105006731

Launer J (2005) Secrets of the willow. QJM 98, 157-158.  http://qjmed.oxfordjournals.org

Lemenih M and Teketay D (2005) Effect of prior land use on the recolonization of native woody species under plantation forests in the highlands of Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 218, 60-73.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112705004615

McPherson JR (2005) Phenology of Six Ficus L., Moraceae, Species and its Effects on Pollinator Survival, in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Geographical Research 43, 297-305.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2005.00329.x

Mengistu T, Teketay D, Hulten H and Yemshaw Y (2005) The role of enclosures in the recovery of woody vegetation in degraded dryland hillsides of central and northern Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environments 60, 259-281.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196304000965

Moshi MJ, Kagashe GAB and Mbwambo ZH (2005) Plants used to treat epilepsy by Tanzanian traditional healers. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 97, 327-336.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037887410400577X

Newton C (2005) Upper Egypt: vegetation at the beginning of the third millennium BC inferred from charcoal analysis at Adaďma and Elkab. Journal of Archaeological Science 32, 355-367.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440304001530

Stave J, Oba G, Stenseth NC and Nordal I (2005) Environmental gradients in the Turkwel riverine forest, Kenya: Hypotheses on dam-induced vegetation change. Forest Ecology and Management 212, 184-198.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112705001982

Wahungu GM, Muoria PK, Moinde NN, Oguge NO and Kirathe JN (2005) Changes in forest fragment sizes and primate population trends along the River Tana floodplain, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 43, 81-90.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00535.x

Wieczkowski J (2005) Examination of increased annual range of a Tana mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus) group. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 128, 381-388.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20123

Zavodna M, Arens P, Van Dijk PJ, Partomihardjo T, Vosman BEN and Van Damme JMM (2005) Pollinating fig waSPS: genetic consequences of island recolonization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18, 1234-1243.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.00937.x

Zavodna M, Compton SG, Biere A, Gilmartin PM and Van Damme JMM (2005) Putting your sons in the right place: the spatial distribution of fig wasp offspring inside figs. Ecological Entomology 30, 210-219.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0307-6946.2005.00674.x

(2004) Book Reviews. Natural Resources Forum 28, 338-348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-8947.2004.00107.x

Fashing PJ and Mwangi Gathua J (2004) Spatial variability in the vegetation structure and composition of an East African rain forest. African Journal of Ecology 42, 189-197.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2004.00512.x

Jackson AP (2004) Cophylogeny of the Ficus microcosm. Biological Reviews 79, 751-768.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1464793104006463

Kutiel P, Cohen O, Shoshany M and Shub M (2004) Vegetation establishment on the southern Israeli coastal sand dunes between the years 1965 and 1999. Landscape and Urban Planning 67, 141-156.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204603000355

Lado C (2004) Sustainable environmental resource utilisation: a case study of farmers’ ethnobotanical knowledge and rural change in Bungoma district, Kenya. Applied Geography 24, 281-302.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622804000062

Levin N and Ben-Dor E (2004) Monitoring sand dune stabilization along the coastal dunes of Ashdod-Nizanim, Israel, 1945-1999. Journal of Arid Environments 58, 335-355.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196303001459

RamÓN-Laca L and Mabberley DJ (2004) The ecological status of the carob-tree (Ceratonia siliqua, Leguminosae) in the Mediterranean. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 144, 431-436.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2003.00254.x

Sanchez F, Korine C, Pinshow B and Dudley R (2004) The Possible Roles of Ethanol in the Relationship Between Plants and Frugivores: First Experiments with Egyptian Fruit Bats. Integr. Comp. Biol. 44, 290-294.  http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/44/4/290

Wieczkowski J (2004) Ecological correlates of abundance in the Tana mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus). American Journal of Primatology 63, 125-138.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20046

Yu DW, Ridley J, Jousselin E, Herre EA, Compton SG, Cook JM, Moore JC and Weiblen GD (2004) Oviposition strategies, host coercion and the stable exploitation of figs by wasps. Proc R Soc B 271, 1185-1195.  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/cgi/content/abstract/271/1544/1185

Atawodi SE (2003) Occurrence of preformed volatile nitrosamines in preparations of some Nigerian medicinal plants: a preliminary report. Food and Chemical Toxicology 41, 551-554.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691502003046

Cook JM and Rasplus J-Y (2003) Mutualists with attitude: coevolving fig wasps and figs. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18, 241-248.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169534703000624

du Preez RJ and Benjamin C (2003) FRUITS OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Lesser-known Fruits of Africa. In ‘Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 2800-2810. (Academic Press: Oxford). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X00537X

Dufa˙ M and Anstett M-C (2003) Conflicts between plants and pollinators that reproduce within inflorescences: evolutionary variations on a theme. Oikos 100, 3-14.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12053.x

Ellery WN, Dahlberg AC, Strydom R, Neal MJ and Jackson J (2003) Diversion of water flow from a floodplain wetland stream: an analysis of geomorphological setting and hydrological and ecological consequences. Journal of Environmental Management 68, 51-71.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479703000021

Feoli E, Ganis P, Ortolan I, Sitoni D and Zerihun W (2003) Measuring the effects of human impact on vegetation by integrating phytosociology and remote sensing in a fuzzy set approach. Journal of Vegetation Science 14, 751-760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2003.tb02207.x

Harrison RD, Hamid AA, Kenta T, Lafrankie J, Lee H-S, Nagamasu H, Nakashizuka T and Palmiotto P (2003) The diversity of hemi-epiphytic figs (Ficus ; Moraceae) in a Bornean lowland rain forest. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 78, 439-455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0024-4066.2002.00205.x

Heritage GL, Large ARG, Moon BP and Birkhead AL (2003) Estimating extreme flood magnitude in bedrock-influenced channels using representative reach-based channel resistance data. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 85, 1-11.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0459.00184

Jago LCF and Boyd WE (2003) A GIS Atlas of the Fossil Pollen and Modern Records of Ficus and Related Species for Island South–East Asia, Australasia and the Western Pacific. Australian Geographical Studies 41, 58-72.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8470.00192

Jousselin E, Rasplus J-Y and Kjellberg F (2003) CONVERGENCE AND COEVOLUTION IN A MUTUALISM: EVIDENCE FROM A MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY OF FICUS. Evolution 57, 1255-1269.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2003.tb00334.x

Molbo D, Machado CA, Sevenster JG, Keller L and Herre EA (2003) Cryptic species of fig-pollinating wasps: Implications for the evolution of the fig-wasp mutualism, sex allocation, and precision of adaptation. PNAS 100, 5867-5872.  http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/10/5867

Moore JC, Dunn AM, Compton SG and Hatcher MJ (2003) Foundress re-emergence and fig permeability in fig tree–wasp mutualisms. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16, 1186-1195.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00623.x

Saleh NAM (2003) Global phytochemistry: the Egyptian experience. Phytochemistry 63, 239-241.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031942203001638

Sanon S, Ollivier E, et al. (2003) Ethnobotanical survey and in vitro antiplasmodial activity of plants used in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 86, 143-147.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874102003811

Tabuti JRS, Dhillion SS and Lye KA (2003) Firewood use in Bulamogi County, Uganda: species selection, harvesting and consumption patterns. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 581-596.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953403000527

Ylhäisi J (2003) Forest privatisation and the role of community in forests and nature protection in Tanzania. Environmental Science & Policy 6, 279-290.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901103000431

Yoshida K (2003) Evolutionary dynamics of species diversity in an interaction web system. Ecological Modelling 163, 131-143.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304380002004179

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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